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Microbiology. 2009 Jan;155(Pt 1):295-304. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.020727-0.

Oxidative stress and disruption of labile iron generate specific auxotrophic requirements in Salmonella enterica.

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Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


The response of a cell to integrated stresses was investigated using environmental and/or genetic perturbations that disrupted labile iron homeostasis and increased oxidative stress. The effects of the perturbations were monitored as nutritional requirements, and were traced to specific enzymic targets. A yggX gshA cyaY mutant strain required exogenous thiamine and methionine for growth. The thiamine requirement, which had previously been linked to the Fe-S cluster proteins ThiH and ThiC, was responsive to oxidative stress and was not directly affected by manipulation of the iron pool. The methionine requirement was associated with the activity of sulfite reductase, an enzyme that appeared responsive to disruption of labile iron homeostasis. The results are incorporated in a model to suggest how the activity of iron-containing enzymes not directly sensitive to oxygen can be decreased by oxidation of the labile iron pool.

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