Send to

Choose Destination
Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2009;28(1):24-38. doi: 10.1080/15513810802545319.

Cerebellar migration defects in aicardi syndrome: an extension of the neuropathological spectrum.

Author information

Department of Pathology, University of South Florida and Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, Florida, USA.


The Aicardi syndrome is characterized by infantile spasms, corpus callosum agenesis, and chorioretinal lacunae and almost exclusively affects females (very rarely, 47, XXY males). The crucial genetic mishap likely occurs in the postzygotic stage, but the variable clinical phenotype among the approximately 450 known cases has not been explained. No consistent mutations or deletions exist among patients. We encountered a baby girl with early onset infantile spasms. She had left-sided cleft lip/palate, costovertebral defects, scoliosis, callosal agenesis, and microphthalmia. She expired at the age of 3 months of respiratory infection. On autopsy she had thoracic hemivertebrae with rib defects, bilateral microphthalmia, microcornea, posterior colobomata, abnormalities of the retinal pigment epithelium, absence of normal ganglion cells in the retina, gross asymmetry of the brain with cerebral polymicrogyria, total callosal agenesis, cerebral subcortical and subependymal nodular heterotopias, cerebellar nodular heterotopias, and tegmental/basal unilateral brainstem hypoplasia. Cerebellar and retinal migration defects have not been described before in Aicardi syndrome and may have had a bearing on this patient's eventual outcome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center