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Viral Immunol. 2008 Dec;21(4):469-76. doi: 10.1089/vim.2008.0032.

Complement component C1q and anti-hexon antibody mediate adenovirus infection of a CAR-negative cell line.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Canji Inc., San Diego, California, USA.

Abstract

Realization of the potential clinical utility of recombinant adenovirus for gene therapy or vaccine development depends on a better understanding of the role of naturally occurring or therapy-induced anti-adenovirus antibodies. This study addresses the impact of anti-adenovirus neutralizing antibodies and the complement protein C1q on adenovirus infection of coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR)-positive, and especially CAR-negative cells. Initially, transduction efficiency of adenovirus vectors was assessed in the presence or absence of human sera derived from healthy individuals that were seropositive for anti-adenovirus neutralizing antibodies. Infection was monitored by transgene expression in vitro using a replication-deficient adenovirus encoding green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP). HeLa cells (CAR-positive) were readily infected by Ad-GFP and increasing concentrations of pooled sera increasingly inhibited infection. In contrast, rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells, a CAR-negative cell, were poorly infected by Ad-GFP. However, in the presence of human serum, robust GFP expression was observed. This expression was completely abrogated if the human serum was heat-inactivated. Addition of purified human C1q protein to the heat-inactivated serum restored GFP expression. Similar results were seen when human C1q protein was added to purified anti-hexon antibodies, but not to anti-fiber or anti-penton base antibodies, thus implicating anti-hexon antibodies as the infective antibody component of the human sera. These studies suggest that complement protein C1q and anti-hexon antibodies together can mediate efficient adenovirus infection in CAR-negative cell types.

PMID:
19115936
DOI:
10.1089/vim.2008.0032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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