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Diabetes Care. 2009 Apr;32(4):702-7. doi: 10.2337/dc08-1816. Epub 2008 Dec 29.

Association among serum perfluoroalkyl chemicals, glucose homeostasis, and metabolic syndrome in adolescents and adults.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine of Nephrology, En Chu Kong Hospital, Taipei County, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Perfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) have been used worldwide in a variety of consumer products. The effect of PFCs on glucose homeostasis is not known.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We examined 474 adolescents and 969 adults with reliable serum measures of metabolic syndrome profile from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000 and 2003-2004.

RESULTS:

In adolescents, increased serum perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) concentrations were associated with hyperglycemia (odds ratio [OR] 3.16 [95% CI 1.39-7.16], P < 0.05). Increased serum PFNA concentrations also have favorable associations with serum HDL cholesterol (0.67 [0.45-0.99], P < 0.05). Overall, increased serum PFNA concentrations were inversely correlated with the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (0.37 [0.21-0.64], P < 0.005). In adults, increased serum perfluorooctanoic acid concentrations were significantly associated with increased beta-cell function (beta coefficient 0.07 +/- 0.03, P < 0.05). Increased serum perfluorooctane sulfate (PFOS) concentrations were associated with increased blood insulin (0.14 +/- 0.05, P < 0.01), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (0.14 +/- 0.05, P < 0.01), and beta-cell function (0.15 +/- 0.05, P < 0.01). Serum PFOS concentrations were also unfavorably correlated with serum HDL cholesterol (OR 1.61 [95% CI 1.15-2.26], P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Serum PFCs were associated with glucose homeostasis and indicators of metabolic syndrome. Further clinical and animal studies are warranted to clarify putative causal relationships.

PMID:
19114613
PMCID:
PMC2660466
DOI:
10.2337/dc08-1816
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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