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Anaerobe. 2008 Dec;14(6):297-300. doi: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2008.12.002. Epub 2008 Dec 16.

The role of anaerobic bacteria in chronic suppurative otitis media in children: implications for medical therapy.

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Department of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 4431 Albemarle St. NW, Washington, DC 20016, USA.


This review describes the microbiology, diagnosis and medical management of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) in children highlighting the role of anaerobic bacteria. In studies that employed adequate method for recovery of anaerobic bacteria polymicrobial aerobic and anaerobic flora was isolated from over half of the children with CSOM. The predominant aerobic isolates were Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the most frequently isolated anaerobic organisms were Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium spp. and pigmented Prevotella and Porphyromonas spp. Several studies illustrated the efficacy of anti-infective agents effective against anaerobic bacteria in the treatment of CSOM. The medical therapy of CSOM should be directed at the eradication of the pathogenic aerobic and anaerobic organisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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