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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Dec 19;101(25):253602. Epub 2008 Dec 19.

Controlled generation of squeezed states of microwave radiation in a superconducting resonant circuit.

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Department of Physics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics LE11 3TU, United Kingdom.


Superconducting oscillators have been successfully used for quantum control and readout devices in conjunction with superconducting qubits. Also, squeezed states can improve the accuracy of measurements to subquantum, or at least subthermal, levels. Here, we show theoretically how to produce squeezed states of microwave radiation in a superconducting oscillator with tunable parameters. Its resonance frequency can be changed by controlling an rf SQUID inductively coupled to the oscillator. By repeatedly shifting the resonance frequency between any two values, it is possible to produce squeezed and subthermal states of the electromagnetic field in the (0.1-10) GHz range, even when the relative frequency change is small. We propose experimental protocols for the verification of squeezed state generation, and for their use to improve the readout fidelity when such oscillators serve as quantum transducers.

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