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Cell. 2008 Dec 26;135(7):1237-50. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.10.037.

Translation initiation on mammalian mRNAs with structured 5'UTRs requires DExH-box protein DHX29.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Abstract

Eukaryotic protein synthesis begins with assembly of 48S initiation complexes at the initiation codon of mRNA, which requires at least seven initiation factors (eIFs). First, 43S preinitiation complexes comprising 40S ribosomal subunits, eIFs 3, 2, 1, and 1A, and tRNA(Met)(i) attach to the 5'-proximal region of mRNA and then scan along the 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) to the initiation codon. Attachment of 43S complexes is mediated by three other eIFs, 4F, 4A, and 4B, which cooperatively unwind the cap-proximal region of mRNA and later also assist 43S complexes during scanning. We now report that these seven eIFs are not sufficient for efficient 48S complex formation on mRNAs with highly structured 5'UTRs, and that this process requires the DExH-box protein DHX29. DHX29 binds 40S subunits and hydrolyzes ATP, GTP, UTP, and CTP. NTP hydrolysis by DHX29 is strongly stimulated by 43S complexes and is required for DHX29's activity in promoting 48S complex formation.

PMID:
19109895
PMCID:
PMC2948571
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2008.10.037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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