Send to

Choose Destination
Shock. 2009 Sep;32(3):263-9. doi: 10.1097/SHK.0b013e31819940cb.

Evodiamine represses hypoxia-induced inflammatory proteins expression and hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha accumulation in RAW264.7.

Author information

Phamacological Institute, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Inflammation and low oxygen diffusion are recognized characteristics of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. Evodiamine, extracted from the traditional Chinese herb, Evodia rutaecarpa, is a bioactive anti-inflammatory alkaloid. The objective of this study was to investigate whether evodiamine could repress hypoxia-induced inflammatory response. We showed that evodiamine repressed not only COX-2 and iNOS expression but also prostaglandin E2 release in a concentration-dependent manner under hypoxic conditions. Furthermore, our studies indicated that COX-2 mRNA was inhibited by evodiamine, implying that transcriptional activity is involved in the mechanistic pathway. It is striking that hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) inhibitor, camptothecin, suppressed hypoxia-induced COX-2 expression rather than pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, a nuclear factor kappaB inhibitor. In addition, our studies have confirmed that evodiamine inhibited HIF-1alpha, which accounted for the transcriptional activity of COX-2, rather than nuclear factor kappaB in RAW264.7 cells. Finally, evodiamine did not affect either the level of HIF-1alpha mRNA or the degradation rate of HIF-1alpha protein, but it regulated the translational process of HIF-1alpha. We found that hypoxia-evoked phosphorylation of Akt and p70S6K was blocked after evodiamine treatment, in addition to the inhibition of phosphorylation of 4E-BP. These results suggest that the mechanism of repression of hypoxia-induced COX-2 expression by evodiamine is through the inhibition of HIF-1alpha at the translational level and is primarily mediated via dephosphorylation of Akt and p70S6K. Therefore, evodiamine could be an effective therapeutic agent against inflammatory diseases involving hypoxia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center