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Regen Med. 2009 Jan;4(1):65-80. doi: 10.2217/17460751.4.1.65.

Update on therapeutic vascularization strategies.

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Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA.


The ability to exploit angiogenesis and vascularization as a therapeutic strategy will be of enormous benefit to a wide range of medical and tissue-engineering applications. Angiogenic growth factor and cell-based therapies have thus far failed to produce a robust healing response in clinical trials for a variety of ischemic diseases, while engineered tissue substitutes are still size-limited by a lack of vascularization. The purpose of this review is to investigate current research advances in therapeutic vascularization strategies applied to ischemic disease states, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Recent advances are discussed that focus on better regulation of growth factor delivery and attempts to better mimic natural processes by delivering combinations of multiple growth factors, cells and bioactive materials in the right spatial and temporal setting. Some unconventional approaches and novel therapeutic targets that hold significant potential are also discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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