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Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008 Nov;37(11):556-62.

Cauda equina syndrome: a comprehensive review.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York, USA.


Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare syndrome that has been described as a complex of symptoms and signs--low back pain, unilateral or bilateral sciatica, motor weakness of lower extremities, sensory disturbance in saddle area, and loss of visceral function--resulting from compression of the cauda equina. CES occurs in approximately 2% of cases of herniated lumbar discs and is one of the few spinal surgical emergencies. In this article, we review information that is critical in understanding, diagnosing, and treating CES.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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