Send to

Choose Destination
J Bacteriol. 2009 Mar;191(6):1798-815. doi: 10.1128/JB.00798-08. Epub 2008 Dec 19.

Characterization of the Cpx regulon in Escherichia coli strain MC4100.

Author information

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E9.


The Cpx two-component signal transduction pathway of Escherichia coli mediates adaptation to envelope protein misfolding. However, there is experimental evidence that at least 50 genes in 34 operons are part of the Cpx regulon and many have functions that are undefined or unrelated to envelope protein maintenance. No comprehensive analysis of the Cpx regulon has been presented to date. In order to identify strongly Cpx-regulated genes that might play an important role(s) in envelope protein folding and/or to further define the role of the Cpx response and to gain insight into what makes a gene subject to strong Cpx regulation, we have carried out a uniform characterization of a Cpx-regulated lux reporter library in a single-strain background. Strongly Cpx-regulated genes encode proteins that are directly linked to envelope protein folding, localized to the envelope but uncharacterized, or involved in limiting the cellular concentration of noxious molecules. Moderately Cpx-regulated gene clusters encode products implicated in biofilm formation. An analysis of CpxR binding sites in strongly regulated genes indicates that while neither a consensus match nor their orientation predicts the strength of Cpx regulation, most genes contain a CpxR binding site within 100 bp of the transcriptional start site. Strikingly, we found that while there appears to be little overlap between the Cpx and Bae envelope stress responses, the sigma(E) and Cpx responses reciprocally regulate a large group of strongly Cpx-regulated genes, most of which are uncharacterized.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center