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Toxicon. 2009 Oct;54(5):628-33. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.12.008. Epub 2008 Dec 13.

Treatment of focal dystonias with botulinum neurotoxin.

Author information

1
Human Motor Control Section, NINDS, NIH, Building 10, Room 7D37, 10 Center Dr MSC 1428, Bethesda, MD 20892-1428, USA. hallettm@ninds.nih.gov

Abstract

This is a review on the use of injections of botulinum toxin for the treatment of focal dystonias. Disorders covered include cranial dystonia, cervical dystonia, spasmodic dysphonia, and focal hand dystonia. Considered are clinical aspects, alternative treatment strategies and principles of use of botulinum toxin injections.

PMID:
19103214
PMCID:
PMC4782588
DOI:
10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.12.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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