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J Inherit Metab Dis. 2009 Feb;32(1):86-94. doi: 10.1007/s10545-008-0971-1. Epub 2008 Dec 22.

H(2)O(2) increases de novo synthesis of (6R)-L-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin via GTP cyclohydrolase I and its feedback regulatory protein in vitiligo.

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Clinical and Experimental Dermatology/Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.


Patients with vitiligo accumulate up to 10(-3) mol/L concentrations of H(2)O(2) in their epidermis, which in turn affects many metabolic pathways in this compartment, including the synthesis and recycling of the cofactor (6R)-L-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (6BH(4)). De novo synthesis of 6BH(4) is dependent on the rate-limiting enzyme GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCHI) together with its feedback regulatory protein (GFRP). This step is controlled by 6BH(4) and the essential amino acid L-phenylalanine. In the study presented here we wanted to investigate whether H(2)O(2) affects the GTPCHI/GFRP cascade in these patients. Our results demonstrated concentration-dependent regulation of rhGTPCHI where 100 micromol/L H(2)O(2) was the optimum concentration for the activation of the enzyme and >300 micromol/L resulted in a decrease in activity. Oxidation of GFRP and GTPCHI does not affect feedback regulation via L-phenylalanine and 6BH(4). In vitiligo a constant upregulation of 6BH(4) de novo synthesis results from epidermal build up of L-phenylalanine that is not controlled by H(2)O(2). Taking the results together, 6BH(4) de novo synthesis is controlled by H(2)O(2) in a concentration-dependent manner, but H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidation does not affect the functionality of the GTPCHI/GFRP complex.

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