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Free Radic Res. 2009 Feb;43(2):117-27. doi: 10.1080/10715760802623896.

Evidence for chronically elevated serum protein oxidation in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.

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The Heart Research Institute, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Serum protein oxidation levels in people with the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have previously been shown to (a) be elevated at a single time point and (b) correlate with disease activity. This study investigates whether this elevation is a chronic phenomenon, by analysis of multiple serum samples collected from 21 SLE patients and nine controls over a period of up to 38 months. Protein thiols were chronically decreased in SLE patients with stable or variable disease activity compared to controls, whilst protein-bound carbonyls and glycine were chronically increased. 2D-gel analysis of carbonyl distribution showed albumin and immunoglobulins to be particularly affected. In SLE patients with stable disease activity, higher long-term protein oxidation correlated with higher long-term disease activity. SLE patients with variable disease activity exhibited varying correlations between protein oxidation and disease activity markers. These results further support a role for oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of SLE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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