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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2008;122(2):103-9. doi: 10.1159/000163087. Epub 2008 Dec 18.

The karyotype of Alouattapigra (Primates: Platyrrhini): mitotic and meiotic analyses.

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1
Grupo de Investigación en Biología Evolutiva (GIBE), Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. steinberg@ege.fcen.uba.ar

Abstract

We describe for the first time the karyotype of the black howler monkey, Alouatta pigra. Conventional staining, G- and C-banding, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) pantelomeric probe were performed. Eight free ranging adult individuals, four males and four females, within the natural distribution of the species presented a diploid karyotype with 2n = 58. Mitotic analyses showed an autosomal complement composed of 6 submetacentric, 3 metacentric, and 19 acrocentric chromosome pairs for females, and 6 submetacentric, 3 metacentric, and 18 acrocentric pairs for males. Meiotic analyses in males revealed 27 autosomal bivalents and a quadrivalent composed of a submetacentric X(1) and acrocentric X(2), Y(1), and Y(2). The G-banded karyotype allowed us to identify pair #17 as the autosomal pair involved in the rearrangement and the morphology of the quadrivalent components. C-banding technique in metaphase I corroborated the structure of the quadrivalent showing four C+ centromeres. FISH analysis showed telomeric signals at the terminal regions of all chromosomes. No interstitial signals were detected. DNA sequence data were in accordance with those previously published for this species.

PMID:
19096205
DOI:
10.1159/000163087
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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