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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2008;122(2):103-9. doi: 10.1159/000163087. Epub 2008 Dec 18.

The karyotype of Alouattapigra (Primates: Platyrrhini): mitotic and meiotic analyses.

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Grupo de Investigación en Biología Evolutiva (GIBE), Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


We describe for the first time the karyotype of the black howler monkey, Alouatta pigra. Conventional staining, G- and C-banding, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) pantelomeric probe were performed. Eight free ranging adult individuals, four males and four females, within the natural distribution of the species presented a diploid karyotype with 2n = 58. Mitotic analyses showed an autosomal complement composed of 6 submetacentric, 3 metacentric, and 19 acrocentric chromosome pairs for females, and 6 submetacentric, 3 metacentric, and 18 acrocentric pairs for males. Meiotic analyses in males revealed 27 autosomal bivalents and a quadrivalent composed of a submetacentric X(1) and acrocentric X(2), Y(1), and Y(2). The G-banded karyotype allowed us to identify pair #17 as the autosomal pair involved in the rearrangement and the morphology of the quadrivalent components. C-banding technique in metaphase I corroborated the structure of the quadrivalent showing four C+ centromeres. FISH analysis showed telomeric signals at the terminal regions of all chromosomes. No interstitial signals were detected. DNA sequence data were in accordance with those previously published for this species.

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