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Biofactors. 2008;32(1-4):129-33.

Oxidative stress, endothelial function and coenzyme Q10.

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Cardiologia Riabilitativa Lancisi, Azienda Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, Italy.


Reactive oxygen species seem to play an important role in vascular homeostasis. In conditions of high oxidative stress, such as chronic heart failure and multiple coronary risk factors, the rate of inactivation of nitric oxide to peroxynitrite by superoxide anions may be reduced by CoQ10, which can also protect against nitrosative damage. CoQ10 may also influence vascular function indirectly via inhibition of oxidative damage to LDL. Patients with lower levels of extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD) demonstrate greater improvements than patients with normal ec-SOD levels, suggesting that the higher the oxidative stress the greater the improvement in the endothelium-dependent relaxation after the administration of a compound with antioxidant properties like CoQ10. Future studies are needed to inquire whether these effects may translate into benefits in clinical practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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