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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2009 Jan;113(1-2):80-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2008.11.009. Epub 2008 Nov 27.

Regulation of progesterone receptor isoforms content in human astrocytoma cell lines.

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Facultad de Química, Departamento de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, DF 04510, Mexico.


Progesterone regulates several functions through the interaction with its intracellular receptor (PR) which expresses two isoforms with different functions and regulation: PR-A and PR-B. Both PR isoforms have been detected in human astrocytomas, the most common and aggressive primary brain tumours, but their regulation and function are unknown. We studied the effects of estradiol, progesterone and their receptor antagonists (ICI 182,780 and RU 486) on PR isoforms content in U373 and D54 human astrocytoma cell lines, respectively derived from grades III and IV astrocytomas, by Western blot analysis. In U373 cells we also evaluated the effects of PR-A overexpression on cell growth. We observed that in U373 cells estradiol increased the content of both PR isoforms whereas in D54 cells it had no effects. Estradiol effects were blocked by ICI 182,780. In both cell lines, PR isoforms content was down-regulated by progesterone after estradiol treatment. This effect was blocked by RU 486. We observed that overexpression of PR-A significantly diminished the increase in U373 cells number produced after progesterone treatment. Our results suggest a differential PR isoforms regulation depending on the evolution grade of human astrocytoma cells, and an inhibitory role of PR-A on progesterone effects on astrocytomas cell growth.

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