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BMJ. 2008 Dec 17;337:a2825. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2825.

Head and neck injury risks in heavy metal: head bangers stuck between rock and a hard bass.

Author information

1
School of Risk and Safety Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the risks of mild traumatic brain injury and neck injury associated with head banging, a popular dance form accompanying heavy metal music.

DESIGN:

Observational studies, focus group, and biomechanical analysis.

PARTICIPANTS:

Head bangers.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Head Injury Criterion and Neck Injury Criterion were derived for head banging styles and both popular heavy metal songs and easy listening music controls.

RESULTS:

An average head banging song has a tempo of about 146 beats per minute, which is predicted to cause mild head injury when the range of motion is greater than 75 degrees . At higher tempos and greater ranges of motion there is a risk of neck injury.

CONCLUSION:

To minimise the risk of head and neck injury, head bangers should decrease their range of head and neck motion, head bang to slower tempo songs by replacing heavy metal with adult oriented rock, only head bang to every second beat, or use personal protective equipment.

PMID:
19091761
PMCID:
PMC2605616
DOI:
10.1136/bmj.a2825
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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