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J Urol. 2009 Feb;181(2):701-4. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2008.10.027. Epub 2008 Dec 16.

Collagen injection for female urinary incontinence after urethral or periurethral surgery.

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Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9110, USA.



We evaluated the result of periurethral collagen injection in incontinent patients after prior urethral surgery.


We reviewed the charts of patients who underwent periurethral collagen injection between January 2000 and December 2006 for persistent stress urinary incontinence after a failed suspension procedure or urethral repair. Preoperative assessment included the validated Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 symptom questionnaire, a single global quality of life score, history and physical examination, cystogram while standing and multichannel urodynamics. All patients had a well supported urethra and intrinsic sphincteric deficiency. Outcome measures included questionnaires and 3-dimensional urethral ultrasound at 6 weeks, 6 to 12 months and yearly thereafter. In patients who were still symptomatic after the first injection a repeat injection was considered when there was asymmetrical or low collagen volume on ultrasound, and another therapy was considered when ultrasound findings were adequate.


In 31 consecutive patients Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 question 3 and quality of life scores decreased after collagen injection (mean volume 5.5 cc). Baseline postoperative collagen volume on ultrasound was 2.6 cc (range 0.8 of 4.8). Of the patients 93% considered themselves clinically improved or cured, 17 of 31 required only 1 injection with a symmetrical configuration in 83%, while 8 received 1 or 2 more injections because of an asymmetrical configuration (75%) and/or low volume. Despite a mean collagen volume of 3.2 cc (range 2 to 4.3) 6 women with persistent stress urinary incontinence underwent a pubovaginal sling procedure. Eight of 25 patients requiring only collagen had stable collagen volume for 2 years without repeat injection.


Collagen injection is a viable option with satisfactory results in this complex population.

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