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Chem Biol Drug Des. 2008 Dec;72(6):513-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2008.00729.x.

Inhibitors of tubulin assembly identified through screening a compound library.

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Division of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, 500 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


Tubulin is the proposed target for drugs against cancer and helminths and is also a validated target in kinetoplastid parasites. With the aim of identifying new lead compounds against Leishmania sp., tubulin isolated from L. tarentolae was used to screen a 10 000 compound library. One compound, Chembridge No. 7992831 (5), displayed an IC(50) of 13 microm against Leishmania tubulin in an in vitro assembly assay and showed a greater than threefold selectivity over mammalian tubulin. Another compound, Chembridge No. 9067250 (8), exhibited good activity against mammalian tubulin (IC(50) = 5.0 microm). This compound was also toxic to several cancer cell lines with IC(50) values in the region of 1 microm. Subsequent testing of analogues of 8 contained within the library identified two compounds with greater potency against mammalian tubulin (IC(50) values of 1.1 and 2.8 microm). The more potent antitubulin agent also showed promising activity against cancer cell lines in vitro, with IC(50) values ranging from 0.18 to 0.73 microm.

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