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Vet Q. 1991 Apr;13(2):97-104.

Some aspects of the gastrointestinal microflora of veal calves fed different rations: a pilot study.

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Department of the Science of Food Animal Origin, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


The gastrointestinal microflora of veal calves reared on different diets was studied because the nature of this microflora affects the quality of veal as a result of contamination of carcass surfaces with intestinal contents during slaughter. Diet A consisted of a milk substitute, diet B of milk substitute + straw pellets and diet C of milk substitute + straw pellets + concentrates. In the rumen fluid of calves reared on diet A significantly higher counts of Gram-negative bacteria but lower counts of thermotrophic enterobacteriaceae were found than in calves reared on diets B or C. As for the faecal flora, diets B and C seem to result in significantly lower counts of Gram-negative bacteria and thermotrophic enterobacteriaceae. In 46% of the faecal specimens and 62% of the specimens of rumen fluid from calves fed on milk substitute only, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated in mean counts of 4.1 log cfu/g and 5.2 log cfu/g respectively. P. aeruginosa could not be isolated from any specimen from calves receiving straw pellets. These results indicate that the inclusion of straw pellets in the diet of veal calves may increase the bacteriological safety and keeping quality of veal.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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