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Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Jul;15(7):678-82.

The Eight Cs: a guide to success in an international emergency medicine educational collaboration.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.


The Tuscan Emergency Medicine Initiative (TEMI) is a comprehensive emergency medicine (EM) training program designed to build an EM training infrastructure in Tuscany, Italy. The program has successfully trained a team of instructors using a train-the-trainers model, certified 350 physicians who are already practicing in emergency departments (EDs), and established a master's program as a bridge to specialty training at the region's three universities. Using lessons learned from this program, the authors identify eight factors (The Eight Cs) that can serve as a guide to implementing a collaborative EM program in other environments: collaboration, context, culture, credibility, consulting, consistency, critique, and conclusion. Each of these topics is described in detail and may be useful to other international interventions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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