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Psychol Health Med. 2009 Jan;14(1):48-52. doi: 10.1080/13548500801983066.

The role of free-play physical activity in healthy blood glucose maintenance in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, Grand Forks, ND 58202-9037, USA.


Medical management for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus, including insulin administration to control high blood glucose levels (BGL), is crucial. However, a child-controlled behavioural strategy, like physical activity, to maintain target BGL may be warranted. To demonstrate, pre- and post-activity BGL were collected for 73 children aged 8- to 14-years attending a diabetes camp. Change in BGL across one session of a free-play swimming activity was analysed. Average BGL was significantly reduced from 197.18 mg/dl to 177.78 mg/dl across one 45 min session, and male gender predicted larger reductions. With safety precautions and within the context of appropriate medical management, free-play activity could be used as a strategy for maintaining target BGL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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