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Heart Rhythm. 2008 Dec;5(12):1651-7. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2008.09.011. Epub 2008 Sep 12.

Three-dimensional left atrial and esophagus reconstruction using cardiac C-arm computed tomography with image integration into fluoroscopic views for ablation of atrial fibrillation: accuracy of a novel modality in comparison with multislice computed tomography.

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Medizinische Klinik, Klinikum Coburg, Coburg, Germany.



Visualization of the left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins (PVs) is crucial in PV isolation (PVI). Additional delineation of the esophagus might avoid severe side effects. Cardiac C-arm computed tomography (DynaCT Cardiac, Siemens AG, Forchheim, Germany) has been introduced as a novel intraprocedural imaging modality based on a rotational angiography.


The purpose of this study was to prove the quantitative accuracy of DynaCT Cardiac as compared with multislice CT (MSCT) in imaging of the LA and PV in patients undergoing PVI.


Thirty-four consecutive patients (22 male, age 64 +/- 12 years) with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) and indication for PVI were studied. Diameters of the PV, the LA appendage (LAA), and the descending aorta were measured, and the position of the esophagus was defined using preprocedural MSCT and intraprocedural DynaCT Cardiac.


There was a significant correlation between both measurements for diameters of the LAA (r = 0.86, P <.05), PV (r = 0.98, P <.05), and the descending aorta (r = 0.98, P <.05). The overall correlation of vessel diameters was r = 0.99. The LA volumes correlation was r = 0.86 and P <.05. A significant difference of the esophageal position was found between preprocedural MSCT and intraprocedural DynaCT Cardiac (r = 0.53, P <.05).


DynaCT Cardiac is a novel intraprocedural rotational angiographic technique. It is highly accurate in displaying crucial structures for PVI in comparison with the results of MSCT. Therefore, DynaCT Cardiac can be used as an alternative imaging technique to improve PVI accuracy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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