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Anal Chim Acta. 2009 Jan 12;631(2):206-11. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2008.10.049. Epub 2008 Oct 30.

Rapid determination of sucrose in chocolate mass using near infrared spectroscopy.

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Nestlé Research Centre, Vers-chez-les-blanc 26, PO Box 44, CH - 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland.


This paper reports the results of a rapid method to determine sucrose in chocolate mass using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We applied a broad-based calibration approach, which consists in putting together in one single calibration samples of various types of chocolate mass. This approach increases the concentration range for one or more compositional parameters, improves the model performance and requires just one calibration model for several recipes. The data were modelled using partial least squares (PLS) and multiple linear regression (MLR). The MLR models were developed using a variable selection based on the coefficient regression of PLS and genetic algorithm (GA). High correlation coefficients (0.998, 0.997, 0.998 for PLS, MLR and GA-MLR, respectively) and low prediction errors confirms the good predictability of the models. The results show that NIR can be used as rapid method to determine sucrose in chocolate mass in chocolate factories.

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