Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Vet Cardiol. 2006 May;8(1):25-39. doi: 10.1016/j.jvc.2006.01.002. Epub 2006 May 5.

VDD pacing in dogs: When, why and how to perform single-lead atrial synchronous, ventricular inhibited (VDD) pacing.

Author information

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.


Symptomatic, high-grade atrioventricular (AV) block remains one of the most common indications for artificial pacemaker implantation in dogs. The ideal artificial pacemaker would use the His-Purkinje system, maintain rate-responsiveness (RR), and preserve AV synchrony. Although we do not have commercially available pacing systems that accomplish all of these goals, recent advances in the development of single-lead physiologic pacemaker systems now enable maintenance of RR and AV synchrony in dogs with high grade atrioventricular block. This report outlines the indications for implantation of a single-lead atrial synchronous, ventricular inhibited (VDD) pacemaker system. The technique used for lead placement and the initial pacemaker programming required are detailed.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center