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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009 Mar;82(3):501-11. doi: 10.1007/s00253-008-1802-x. Epub 2008 Dec 13.

NdgR, an IclR-like regulator involved in amino-acid-dependent growth, quorum sensing, and antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor.

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School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.


NdgR (regulator for nitrogen source-dependent growth and antibiotic production), an IclR-like regulator, has been initially identified as a binding protein to the promoters of doxorubicin biosynthetic genes in Streptomyces peucetius by DNA affinity capture assay method. NdgR is well conserved throughout the Streptomyces species and many other bacteria such as Mycobacteria and Corynebacteria. In Streptomyces coelicolor, ndgR deletion mutant showed slow cell growth and defects in differentiation and enhances the production of actinorhodin (ACT) in minimal media containing certain amino acids where wild-type strain could not produce ACT. Although deletion mutant of ndgR showed different antibiotic production in minimal media containing Leu or Gln, it only showed reduced mRNA expression levels of the genes involved in leucine metabolism. Neither NdgR-dependent expression of glnA nor direct binding of NdgR protein to glnA, glnII, and glnR promoters was observed. However, ScbR, which is governed by NdgR shown by gel mobility shift assay, binds to promoter of glnR, suggesting indirect regulation of glutamine metabolism by NdgR. NdgR protein binds to intergenic region of ndgR-leuC, and scbR-scbA involved in gamma-butyrolactone. Two-dimensional gel analysis has shown a global effect of ndgR deletion in protein expression, including up-regulated proteins involved in ACT synthesis and down-regulation of chaperones such as GroEL, GroES, and DnaK. These results suggest a global regulatory role for NdgR in amino acid metabolisms, quorum sensing, morphological changes, antibiotic production, and expression of chaperonines in S. coelicolor.

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