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Mamm Genome. 2009 Jan;20(1):34-42. doi: 10.1007/s00335-008-9159-0. Epub 2008 Dec 13.

Genetic analysis of the psychostimulant effects of nicotine in chromosome substitution strains and F2 crosses derived from A/J and C57BL/6J progenitors.

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Psychiatry Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, H3G 1B3.


Previous research utilizing the AcB/BcA recombinant congenic strains (RCS) of mice mapped provisional quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for the psychostimulant effects of nicotine to multiple regions on chromosomes 7, 11, 12, 14, 16, and 17. The current study was designed to confirm these QTLs in an A/J (A) x C57Bl/6J (B6) F2 cross and a panel of B6.A chromosome substitution strains (CSS). The panel of B6.A CSS consists of 21 strains, each carrying a different A/J chromosome on a B6 background. The A x B6 F2, CSS, A, and B6 mice were tested for sensitivity to the effects of nicotine on locomotor activity using a computerized open-field apparatus. In A x B6 F2 mice two QTLs were identified which confirm those previously observed in the AcB/BcA RCS. Significant differences in the expression of nicotine-induced activity were associated with loci on chromosome 11 (D11Mit62) and chromosome 16 (D16Mit131) in the A x B6 F2. At the chromosome 11 QTL, an A allele was associated with lower nicotine-induced activity scores relative to the B6. In contrast, the A allele was associated with greater relative nicotine activity values for the chromosome 16 QTL. A survey of the CSS panel confirmed the presence of QTLs for nicotine activation on chromosomes 2, 14, 16, and 17 previously identified in the AcB/BcA RCS. In the informative CSS strains, A alleles were consistently associated with greater nicotine-induced activity scores compared to the B6. The results of the present study are the first to validate QTLs for sensitivity to the effects of nicotine across multiple strains of mice. QTLs on chromosomes 2, 11, 14, 16, and 17 were confirmed in CSS and/or F2 mice. Significantly, the identification of a QTL on chromosome 16 has now been replicated in three crosses derived from the A and B6 progenitors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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