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Int J Nurs Stud. 2009 May;46(5):708-15. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2008.10.013. Epub 2008 Dec 9.

A meta-analytic study of predictors of maternal-fetal attachment.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07102, USA. yarchesk@rutgers.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To identify predictors of maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) through a comprehensive review of the literature, and to use quantitative meta-analysis to determine the magnitude of the relationship between each predictor and MFA.

DESIGN:

The literature reviewed included 183 studies of MFA, published and unpublished, between 1981 and 2006.

METHODS:

Seventy-two studies met the inclusion criteria and yielded 14 predictors of MFA. A meta-analysis was performed on each of the 14 predictors in relation to MFA.

RESULTS:

The results indicated that gestational age had a moderate to substantial effect size. Two predictors (social support and prenatal testing) had moderate effect sizes; 10 predictors (anxiety, self-esteem, depression, planned pregnancy, age, parity, ethnicity, marital status, income, and education) had low effect sizes. High-risk pregnancy had a trivial effect size.

CONCLUSIONS:

The most powerful predictors of MFA using meta-analysis were identified to direct future research and evidence-based practice.

PMID:
19081091
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2008.10.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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