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Epilepsy Res. 1991 Apr;8(3):232-40.

A serial study of regional cerebral blood flow before and after hemispherectomy in a child.

Author information

1
Clinique de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture, INSERM U 29, Hôpital Saint Vincent de Paul, Paris, France.

Abstract

Hemimegalencephaly (HME) is a severe unilateral brain malformation the prognosis of which may be improved by hemispherectomy. HME also provides a unique opportunity to compare normal and pathological hemispheric function in the same patient. We performed a serial functional cerebral imaging study in a child suffering from a neuropathologically confirmed left HME. He was hemispherectomized at 11 months because of intractable epilepsy; this led to cessation of seizures and dramatic psychomotor improvement. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was studied at 1, 7, 10, 12 and 25 months with single photon computed tomography (SPECT) using 133-Xenon and with simultaneous EEG recording. At one month of age SPECT was performed ictally. During left EEG discharges, rCBF was 40% higher on the left hemisphere than on the right, even in occipital and frontal regions, usually immature at this age. A crossed cerebellar hyperperfusion was also found. At 7 and 10 months, SPECT was performed interictally; rCBF was 45% lower in the left hemisphere than in the right. During follow-up, global and regional CBF values showed normal levels and normal maturation in the right hemisphere except for a mild and transient decrease observed one month after hemispherectomy. SPECT provides an additional procedure for studying hemispheric function in vivo. Serial SPECT imaging may be useful for the preoperative and postoperative evaluation in unilateral cerebral malformation.

PMID:
1907910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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