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Conserv Biol. 2008 Dec;22(6):1418-23. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01092.x.

Macroeconomic policy, growth, and biodiversity conservation.

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Faculty of Social Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.


To successfully achieve biodiversity conservation, the amount of ecosystem structure available for economic production must be determined by, and subject to, conservation needs. As such, the scale of economic systems must remain within the limits imposed by the need to preserve critical ecosystems and the regenerative and waste assimilative capacities of the ecosphere. These limits are determined by biophysical criteria, yet macroeconomics involves the use of economic instruments designed to meet economic criteria that have no capacity to achieve biophysically based targets. Macroeconomic policy cannot, therefore, directly solve the biodiversity erosion crisis. Nevertheless, good macroeconomic policy is still important given that bad macroeconomy policy is likely to reduce human well-being and increase the likelihood of social upheaval that could undermine conservation efforts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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