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Integr Psychol Behav Sci. 2009 Jun;43(2):89-103. doi: 10.1007/s12124-008-9082-7. Epub 2008 Dec 10.

Cognitive frames in psychology: demarcations and ruptures.

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Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.


As there seems to be a recurrent feeling of crisis in psychology, its present state is analyzed in this article. The author believes that in addition to the traditional manifestations that have dogged psychology since it emerged as an independent science some new features of the crisis have emerged. Three fundamental "ruptures" are identified: the "horizontal" rupture between various schools and trends, the "vertical" rupture between natural science and humanitarian psychology, and the "diagonal" rupture between academic research and applied practice of psychology. These manifestations of the crisis of psychology have recently been compounded by the crisis of its rationalistic foundations. This situation is described in terms of the cognitive systems in psychology which include meta-theories, paradigms, sociodigms and metadigms.

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