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J Vis Exp. 2008 Jul 23;(17). pii: 745. doi: 10.3791/745.

Neutrophil isolation protocol.

Author information

1
Institute for Medicine and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, USA. hanaoh@seas.upenn.edu

Abstract

Neutrophil polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN) are the most abundant leukocytes in humans and among the first cells to arrive on the site of inflammatory immune response. Due to their key role in inflammation, neutrophil functions such as locomotion, cytokine production, phagocytosis, and tumor cell combat are extensively studied. To characterize the specific functions of neutrophils, a clean, fast, and reliable method of separating them from other blood cells is desirable for in vitro studies, especially since neutrophils are short-lived and should be used within 2-4 hours of collection. Here, we demonstrate a standard density gradient separation method to isolate human neutrophils from whole blood using commercially available separation media that is a mixture of sodium metrizoate and Dextran 500. The procedure consists of layering whole blood over the density gradient medium, centrifugation, separation of neutrophil layer, and lysis of residual erythrocytes. Cells are then washed, counted, and resuspended in buffer to desired concentration. When performed correctly, this method has been shown to yield samples of >95% neutrophils with >95% viability.

PMID:
19066523
PMCID:
PMC3074468
DOI:
10.3791/745
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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