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Behav Med. 2009 Winter;34(4):133-44. doi: 10.3200/BMED.34.4.133-144.

Influence of coping, social support, and depression on subjective health status among HIV-positive adults with different sexual identities.

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1
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Abstract

The authors examined associations between psychosocial variables (coping self-efficacy, social support, and cognitive depression) and subjective health status among a large national sample (N = 3,670) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons with different sexual identities. After controlling for ethnicity, heterosexual men reported fewer symptoms than did either bisexual or gay men and heterosexual women reported fewer symptoms than did bisexual women. Heterosexual and bisexual women reported greater symptom intrusiveness than did heterosexual or gay men. Coping self-efficacy and cognitive depression independently explained symptom reports and symptom intrusiveness for heterosexual, gay, and bisexual men. Coping self-efficacy and cognitive depression explained symptom intrusiveness among heterosexual women. Cognitive depression significantly contributed to the number of symptom reports for heterosexual and bisexual women and to symptom intrusiveness for lesbian and bisexual women. Individuals likely experience HIV differently on the basis of sociocultural realities associated with sexual identity. Further, symptom intrusiveness may be a more sensitive measure of subjective health status for these groups.

PMID:
19064372
PMCID:
PMC2653049
DOI:
10.3200/BMED.34.4.133-144
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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