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Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec;18 Suppl 2:1-37. doi: 10.1017/S104795110800334X.

Introduction--databases and the assessment of complications associated with the treatment of patients with congenital cardiac disease.

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  • 1The Congenital Heart Institute of Florida (CHIF), Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, All Children's Hospital and Children's Hospital of Tampa, USA. JeffJacobs@msn.com

Abstract

The Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease was established in 2005 with the goal of providing the infrastructure, spanning geographical and subspecialty boundaries, for collaboration between health care professionals interested in the analysis of outcomes of treatments provided to patients with congenital cardiac disease, with the ultimate aim of improvement in the quality of care provided to these patients. The purpose of these collaborative efforts is to promote the highest quality comprehensive cardiac care to all patients with congenital heart disease, from the fetus to the adult, regardless of the patient's economic means, with an emphasis on excellence in teaching, research and community service. This manuscript provides the Introduction to the 2008 Supplement to Cardiology in the Young titled: "Databases and The Assessment of Complications associated with the Treatment of Patients with Congenital Cardiac Disease". This Supplement was prepared by The Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. The Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease offers the following definition of the term "Complication": "A complication is an event or occurrence that is associated with a disease or a healthcare intervention, is a departure from the desired course of events, and may cause, or be associated with, suboptimal outcome. A complication does not necessarily represent a breech in the standard of care that constitutes medical negligence or medical malpractice. An operative or procedural complication is any complication, regardless of cause, occurring (1) within 30 days after surgery or intervention in or out of the hospital, or (2) after 30 days during the same hospitalization subsequent to the operation or intervention. Operative and procedural complications include both intraoperative/intraprocedural complications and postoperative/postprocedural complications in this time interval." The Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease offers the following definition of the term "Adverse Event": "An adverse event is a complication that is associated with a healthcare intervention and is associated with suboptimal outcome. Adverse events represent a subset of complications. Not all medical errors result in an adverse event; the administration of an incorrect dose of a medication is a medical error, but it does not always result in an adverse event. Similarly, not all adverse events are the result of medical error. A child may develop pneumonia after an atrial septal defect repair despite intra- and peri-operative management that is free of error. Complications of the underlying disease state, which are not related to a medical intervention, are not adverse events. For example, a patient who presents for medical care with metastatic lung cancer has already developed a complication (Metastatic spread) of the primary lung cancer without any healthcare intervention. Furthermore, complications not associated with suboptimal outcome or harm are not adverse events and are known as no harm events. The patient who receives an incorrect dose of a medication without harm has experienced a no harm event, but not an adverse event." Based on the above definitions, it is apparent that The Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease has taken an inclusive approach to defining the universe of complications. Complications may or may not be associated with healthcare intervention and may or may not be associated with suboptimal outcome. Meanwhile, adverse events must be associated with healthcare intervention and must be associated with suboptimal outcome.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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