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Am J Health Behav. 2009 May-Jun;33(3):256-63.

College students' motivation to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.

Author information

1
Office of Special Health issues, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To develop and refine a scale of motivational factors related to healthy weight achievement and maintenance and to examine differences by gender and weight status.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey of 300 university students aged 18-24 years.

RESULTS:

Factor analysis yielded 6 factors-Intrinsic (Cronbach's alpha=0.73): affective motivation, self-efficacy/interest; Extrinsic (Cronbach's alpha=0.68): social reward, peer pressure, lack of choice, and authority influence. Males and normal-weight students showed higher affective motivation and overall intrinsic motivation compared to females and overweight students, (P<.001).

CONCLUSION:

Intrinsic motivational factors and gender differences should be considered in developing obesity prevention interventions in this age-group.

PMID:
19063647
DOI:
10.5993/ajhb.33.3.4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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