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Brain Dev. 2009 Oct;31(9):682-93. doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2008.10.011. Epub 2008 Dec 4.

alphaCGRP and betaCGRP transcript amount in mouse tissues of various developmental stages and their tissue expression sites.

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  • 1National Institute of Agro-biological Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


The calcitonin gene-related peptides (CGRP), alphaCGRP and betaCGRP, have been implicated to play various roles in primates and rodent. However, since the expression information has been limited, in the present study, we measured the amount of gene expression in mouse brain, liver, kidney, heart, and testis at embryonic day (E) 14, E17, postnatal day (P) 1, P7, and adult using real-time PCR, and determined the precise localization of alphaCGRP and betaCGRP sense/antisense transcripts in tissues using in situ hybridization. The sense transcripts of alphaCGRP and betaCGRP were found mainly in brain, and their amount profiles were similar in the course of development: one expression peak was observed at E17 and the other at P7. The amounts of alphaCGRP transcripts were greater than those of betaCGRP transcripts in the range between 3.6 and 31 times. In the E17 and P7 brains, the localization pattern of alphaCGRP sense transcripts was similar with that of alphaCGRP antisense transcripts. Fewer transcripts were found in neuroblasts of E17 corpus callosum, and neuroblasts of P7 corpus callosum, olfactory bulb, plexus chorioideus, and ventriculus lateralis than in other brain areas. The localization pattern of betaCGRP sense and antisense transcripts was similar to that for alphaCGRP except that the betaCGRP antisense transcripts showed spot-like localizations. Additionally, the alphaCGRP sense transcript, and betaCGRP sense and antisense transcripts were found in parafollicular cells (C cells) of E17 thyroid lobe. These findings together indicate that alphaCGRP and betaCGRP have their own roles in the ontogenic process.

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