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Virology. 2009 Jan 20;383(2):173-7. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2008.10.046. Epub 2008 Dec 5.

Efficient in vitro expansion of JC virus-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses by JCV peptide-stimulated dendritic cells from patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.

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  • 1Div. of Viral Pathogenesis, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, USA.

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  • Virology. 2010 Jan 20;396(2):349-50.


Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease of the brain caused by JC virus (JCV) for which there is no cure. PML patients who have JCV-specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in their blood have a better clinical outcome. We compared JCV-specific CTL responses in vitro elicited either by JCV peptide-loaded dendritic cells (DC) or by direct peptide stimulation of lymphocytes from 20 HLA-A0201(+) healthy controls, HIV(+) and PML patients. JCV peptide-loaded DC elicited a stronger CTL expansion in 13/15 responders. DC can induce a potent JCV-specific CTL response in vitro, and may constitute a promising approach for PML immunotherapy.

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