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Behav Brain Res. 2009 Apr 12;199(1):61-75. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2008.11.012. Epub 2008 Nov 17.

Contributions of the basal ganglia and functionally related brain structures to motor learning.

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Functional NeuroImaging Unit, University of Montreal Geriatric Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


This review discusses the cerebral plasticity, and the role of the cortico-striatal system in particular, observed as one is learning or planning to execute a newly learned motor behavior up to when the skill is consolidated or has become highly automatized. A special emphasis is given to imaging work describing the neural substrate mediating motor sequence learning and motor adaptation paradigms. These results are then put into a plausible neurobiological model of motor skill learning, which proposes an integrated view of the brain plasticity mediating this form of memory at different stages of the acquisition process.

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