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J Neurotrauma. 2008 Nov;25(11):1309-22. doi: 10.1089/neu.2008.0613.

Local inhibition of Rho signaling by cell-permeable recombinant protein BA-210 prevents secondary damage and promotes functional recovery following acute spinal cord injury.

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BioAxone Therapeutic Inc., Montréal, Québec, Canada.


Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to robust Rho activation at the lesion site. Here, we demonstrate that BA-210, a cell-permeable fusion protein derived from C3 transferase, formulated in fibrin sealant and delivered topically onto the dura matter, diffuses into the spinal cord and inactivates Rho in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment with BA-210 in rats with thoracic spinal cord contusion increased tissue sparing around the lesion area and led to significant improvement of locomotor function. In mice, BA-210 improved functional outcome when treatment was either applied at the time of injury or delayed by 24 h. In both rats and mice, treatment with BA-210 was well tolerated. Rats gained body weight normally, and BA-210 treatment had no impact on the development of allodynia. Inactivating Rho with BA-210 holds promise for treating patients with SCI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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