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J Lipid Res. 1991 Mar;32(3):383-94.

Altered particle size distribution of apolipoprotein A-I-containing lipoproteins in subjects with coronary artery disease.

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1
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98103.

Abstract

Plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL) can be separated into two subpopulations of apolipoprotein A-I-containing particles: those that also contain apoA-II [Lp(AI w AII)] and those that do not [Lp(AI w/o AII)]. These particles were isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography from 17 men (9 normolipidemic (NL), 8 hyperlipidemic (HL) with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD), from 17 NL men without any symptoms of CAD (healthy controls), and from 10 NL men with entirely normal coronary arteriograms (CAD-free controls). The distributions of particle size in these two subpopulations were determined by gradient gel electrophoresis and densitometric scanning. Approximately half of the Lp(AI w AII) particles in all subjects were distributed in the 8.2-9.2 nm interval. For patients with CAD, a greater fraction of the particles were small, in the 7.0-8.2 nm interval [33% in CAD vs. 26% in CAD-free controls (P less than 0.01) and 19% in healthy controls (P less than 0.0001)], and a smaller fraction of the particles were in the 9.2-11.2 nm interval (14% in CAD vs. 24% in CAD-free control (P less than 0.002) and healthy control groups (P less than 0.001). The Lp(AI w/o AII) of both control groups were primarily composed of two discrete subpopulations in the 8.2-9.2 nm and the 9.2-11.2 nm intervals. In CAD patients there were fewer particles in the 9.2-11.2 nm size interval (23% in CAD vs. 33% in CAD-free controls (P less than 0.005) and 36% in healthy controls (P less than 0.0001), and more particles in the smallest 7.0-8.2 nm size interval (32% in CAD vs. 23% in CAD-free controls (P less than 0.01) and 18% in healthy controls (P less than 0.001]. Thus, the spectrum of HDL particle sizes in patients with CAD tends to be shifted toward the smaller particle when compared with the two control groups. This was observed in both NL and HL patients with HDL cholesterol (CH) values in the normal range. As a group, CAD patients had lower HDL (42 +/- 7 mg/dl) and HDL2 (6 +/- 4 mg/dl) CH than healthy (HDL: 49 +/- 7, HDL2: 12 +/- 6 mg/dl) and CAD-free (HDL: 51 +/- 9, HDL2: 12 +/- 6 mg/dl) controls. When controls and patients were compared for their frequencies of abnormal HDL CH levels and particle sizes, abnormalities in HDL and HDL2 CH levels were not significantly more frequent (twofold) among CAD patients than among controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
1906084
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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