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Arch Pediatr. 2009 Jan;16(1):54-61. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2008.10.018. Epub 2008 Dec 6.

[Ingestion of foreign bodies in children. Recommendations of the French-Speaking Group of Pediatric Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Nutrition].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Centre de référence des affections congénitales et malformatives de l'oesophage, unité de gastroentérologie, hépatologie et nutrition, clinique de pédiatrie, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, Lille, France.


Ingestion of foreign bodies is a common pediatric problem. The majority of ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously. Management of foreign body ingestions varies based upon the object ingested, its location, and the patient's age and past history. Esophageal foreign bodies should be urgently removed because of their potential to cause complications. Ingested batteries that lodge in the esophagus, sharp or pointed foreign bodies in the esophageal or gastric tract, and ingestion of multiple magnets all require urgent endoscopic removal. Flexible endoscopy is the therapeutic modality of choice for most patients. The use of devices such as a latex protector hood or an overtube may facilitate safer extraction of sharp objects.

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