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DNA Repair (Amst). 2009 Feb 1;8(2):262-73. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2008.11.007. Epub 2008 Dec 20.

Chromatin restoration following nucleotide excision repair involves the incorporation of ubiquitinated H2A at damaged genomic sites.

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Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


Restoration of functionally intact chromatin structure following DNA damage processing is crucial for maintaining genetic and epigenetic information in human cells. Here, we show the UV-induced uH2A foci formation in cells lacking XPC, DDB2, CSA or CSB, but not in cells lacking XPA, XPG or XPF indicating that uH2A incorporation relied on successful damage repair occurring through either GGR or TCR sub-pathway. In contrast, XPA, XPG or XPF were not required for formation of gammaH2AX foci in asynchronous cells. Notably, the H2A ubiquitin ligase Ring1B, a component of Polycomb repressor complex 1, did not localize at DNA damage sites. However, histone chaperone CAF-1 showed distinct localization to the damage sites. Knockdown of CAF-1 p60 abolished CAF-1 as well as uH2A foci formation. CAF-1 p150 was found to associate with NER factors TFIIH, RPA p70 and PCNA in chromatin. These data demonstrate that successful NER of genomic lesions and prompt CAF-1-mediated chromatin restoration link uH2A incorporation at the sites of damage repair within chromatin.

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