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Biochem Pharmacol. 2009 Mar 1;77(5):920-31. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2008.11.006. Epub 2008 Nov 17.

The mechanism causing the difference in kinetic properties between rat CYP2D4 and human CYP2D6 in the oxidation of dextromethorphan and bufuralol.

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Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Okayama 700-8530, Japan.


The capacity to oxidize bufuralol (BF) and dextromethorphan (DEX) was compared kinetically between human CYP2D6 and four rat CYP2D (CYP2D1, -2D2, -2D3 and -2D4) isoenzymes in a yeast cell expression system. In BF 1''-hydroxylation and DEX O-demethylation, only CYP2D4 showed hook-shaped Eadie-Hofstee plots, the other four CYP2D enzymes exhibiting linear plots. In DEX N-demethylation, rat CYP2D2 did not show any detectable activity under the conditions used, whereas the other four enzymes yielded linear Eadie-Hofstee plots. To elucidate the mechanisms causing the nonlinear kinetics, four CYP2D4 mutants, CYP2D4-F109I, -V123F, -L216F and -A486F, were prepared. CYP2D4-V123F, -L216F and -A486F yielded linear or linear-like Eadie-Hofstee plots for BF 1''-hydroxylation, whereas only CYP2D4-A486F exhibited linear plots for DEX O-demethylation. The substitution of Phe-109 by isoleucine did not have any effect on the oxidative capacity of CYP2D4 for either BF or DEX. These results suggest that the introduction of phenylalanine in the active-site cavity of CYP2D4 simplifies complicated interactions between the substrates and the amino acid residues, but the mechanisms causing the simplification differ between BF and DEX.

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