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Med Clin North Am. 2009 Jan;93(1):179-200, xii. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2008.09.007.

Knee osteoarthritis: primary care using noninvasive devices and biomechanical principles.

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MGH Institute of Health Professions, Graduate Programs in Physical Therapy, Charlestown Navy Yard, 36 First Avenue, Boston, MA 02129-4557, USA.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is an epidemic for which there is no known cure. There is enormous popular demand for noninvasive and nonpharmacologic therapies for OA, and there is a pressing need for primary care physicians to respond by updating their pattern of practice. Despite increasing concern about the capacity of our health care system to meet rising demands, routine primary care for knee OA has changed little over several decades. This article introduces physicians to many of the most important noninvasive devices used in the conservative management of symptomatic knee OA.

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