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Clin Rheumatol. 2009 Apr;28(4):379-83. doi: 10.1007/s10067-008-1056-0. Epub 2008 Dec 5.

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease and endothelin-1 levels in Takayasu arteritis patients.

Author information

1
Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Botucatu, 740, 04023-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. alexandre_wagner@uol.com.br

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in Takayasu arteritis (TA) patients. Twenty-two TA patients and 37 controls were evaluated. TA patients had a higher prevalence of hypertension (63.6% vs. 21.6%, p=0.001) and higher levels of triglycerides (129.5 mg/dL+/-70.8 vs. 88.4 mg/dL+/-60.8, p=0.017) than controls. Mean number of CVD risk factors was 1.64+/-1.22 in TA patients and 1.03+/-1.44 among controls, p=0.030. More TA patients presented at least one CVD risk factor when compared to controls (77.2% vs. 51.3%, p=0.048). ET-1 levels were higher in patients than in controls (1.49 pg/mL+/-0.45 vs. 1.27 pg/mL+/-0.32, p=0.034), however no significant difference was found between patients with active and inactive disease. In this study, TA patients presented a higher prevalence of hypertension, higher levels of triglycerides, and ET-1 than controls.

PMID:
19057845
DOI:
10.1007/s10067-008-1056-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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