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Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 Jan 1;17(1):25-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.11.039. Epub 2008 Nov 21.

Identification and physiological evaluation of the components from citrus fruits as potential drugs for anti-corpulence and anticancer.

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Department of Mathematical and Life Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan.


On the basis of monitoring the prevention of accumulation of lipid droplets in mouse 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells and inhibition of the proliferation of human colon cancer HT-29 cells, effective anti-corpulence and anticancer compounds were isolated from the peel of Citrus fruits. These bioactive components were identified as polymethoxyflavones and coumarin derivatives by spectroscopic analyses. 5-Hydroxy-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone had the greatest anti-corpulence effects and 3,5,6,7,8,3',5'-heptamethoxyflavone had the greatest anticancer effects. Furthermore, distributions of those bioactive components in the peel of 10 species of Citrus fruits were demonstrated by HPLC analyses.

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