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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008 Dec;289(2):166-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2008.01383.x.

Treponema zioleckii sp. nov., a novel fructan-utilizing species of rumen treponemes.

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1
Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovak Republic.

Abstract

During studies on fructan degradation in the rumen, a Treponema-like bacterium able to utilize Timothy grass fructan, commercial inulin and sucrose as the sole carbon source was recovered from sheep rumen. At least two different fructanolytic enzymes were identified in cell-free extracts of the isolated bacterium. Characterization of the strain by a polyphasic approach indicated that it can be regarded as a representative of a new bacterial species within the genus Treponema. Electron microscopy showed that the bacterium exhibited all of the features typical of spirochetes. The helical cells measured 5.4-11.5 microm x 0.42-0.51 microm and possessed up to seven regular coils. The bacterium utilized various plant mono- and disaccharides as fermentable substrates. Formate, acetate and ethanol in a molar ratio of 16 : 10 : 1 were the end products of glucose fermentation. The major cellular fatty acids were C(13:0), C(14:0), C(14:1), C(15:0), C(15:1) and C(16:0). The nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence was obtained, and phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene showed the highest similarity to rumen Treponema strain CA. We propose the name Treponema zioleckii sp. nov. for this novel rumen spirochete with strain kT as the type strain.

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