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Bioinformation. 2008;3(1):18-23. Epub 2008 Sep 8.

Homology modeling of Mycoplasma pneumoniae enolase and its molecular interaction with human plasminogen.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.


Alpha (alpha)-enolase (e), a glycolytic enzyme, has an alternative role as a surface receptor of several bacteria mediating plasminogen (pg) binding. It is also recognized as a virulence factor of some pathogenic bacteria facilitating plasminogen activation and host cell invasion. A mycoplasmal alpha-enolase is also a plasminogen binding protein. Molecular interactions of enolase from Mycoplasma pneumoniae with host plasminogen would be useful for exploring the pathogen-host interaction. In an attempt to identify plasminogen binding sites of M. pneumoniae enolase, homology modeling and docking studies were conducted to obtain modeled structures of the M. pneumoniae enolase-plasminogen complex. The refined model was validated further by standard methods. Molecular docking revealed hydrogen bonding of eLys70-pgTyr50, eAsn165-pgThr66, eAla168-pgGlu21, eAsp17-pgLys70, and eAsn213-pgPro68/pgAsn69. Substantial decreases in accessible surface area (ASA) were observed and in concurrence with hydrogen bond pattern. These findings provide a detailed prediction of key residues that interact at the protein-protein interface. Our theoretical prediction is consistent with known biochemical data. The predicted interaction complex can be of great assistance in understanding structural insights, which is necessary to pathogen and host-component interaction. The ability of M. pneumoniae enolase to bind plasminogen may be indicative of an important role in invasion of this pathogen to host.


Mycoplasma pneumoniae enolase; homology modeling; human plasminogen; molecular docking


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