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Stress. 2009 May;12(3):259-67. doi: 10.1080/10253890802379922.

A role for the medial preoptic area in CGRP-induced suppression of pulsatile LH secretion in the female rat.

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Division of Reproduction & Endocrinology, London, UK.


Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is involved in a variety of stress responses and plays a pivotal role in stress-induced suppression of the GnRH pulse generator in the rat. Intracerebroventricular administration of CGRP suppresses luteinizing hormone (LH) pulses and increases Fos expression within the medial preoptic area (mPOA) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN). The aims of the present study were to investigate whether the mPOA or PVN are sites of action for CGRP-induced suppression of LH pulses and whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS), restraint or insulin-induced hypoglycaemia, stressors known to suppress LH pulses, affect mRNA expression for CGRP and its receptor subunits (calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CL) and RAMP-1) in the mPOA and PVN. Micro-infusion of CGRP (50, 250 or 500 pmol) into the mPOA, but not the PVN, dose-dependently suppressed LH pulse frequency. LPS, restraint and hypoglycaemia suppressed RAMP-1 mRNA, but not CL or CGRP mRNA expression in the mPOA. In the PVN, all three stressors suppressed CL mRNA expression, but only LPS or restraint suppressed RAMP-1 mRNA, and CGRP mRNA was unaffected. These results provide evidence that, unlike the PVN, the mPOA might play an important role in the inhibitory effect of CGRP on pulsatile LH secretion. Additionally, CGRP receptor function may be involved in this brain region in stress-induced suppression of the GnRH pulse generator.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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